Bernese Mountain dog

Bernese Mountain dog information

The Bernese Mountain dog originates from Switzerland. The principal task of the Bernese Mountain dogs were to drive cattle, guard farms and pull carts loaded with milk. Towards the end of the 19th century, the number of Bernese Mountain dogs decreased in Switzerland due to the introduction of other types of working dog breeds. A Swiss geologist, Franz Schertenleib, who directed a study about Switzerland dog breeds took a great interest in saving the Bernese Mountain dog breed from extinction by starting to promote the breed across Europe.

In 1948, the crossing of a Bernese Mountain dog with a Newfoundland contributed in the increase of the Bernese Mountain dog breed popularity as this affected the characteristic of the dog making him become more docile. As a result, the Bernese Mountain dog became more appreciated by families.


Bernese Mountain dog characteristics

A Bernese Mountain dog measures between 23 to 27.5 inches and weights between 40 to 44 kilos. The coat of the Bernese Mountain dog is black, with white and brown markings. The main physical attributes of the Bernese Mountain dog are his sturdy appearance, strong muzzle and the white markings on his head, chest, paws and tail.


Bernese Mountain dog temperament

The Bernese Mountain dog is very affectionate towards his owners. Being very attached to his owners, he does not like to be left alone and is prone to separation anxiety. Due to his origins of being a guard dog, he is often alert to strangers. As most working dogs, the Bernese Mountain dog requires a fair amount of exercise. This sturdy dog will be happy to go on long walks and to pull carts for his owner. Endowed with a very warm coat, the Bernese Mountain dog is more suited for a life in cold climates.


Bernese Mountain dog training

Bernese Mountain dogs are more suited for experienced owners. The Bernese Mountain puppy will need a gentle but firm training. Like with most dog breeds, it is recommended to encourage wanted behaviours with rewards such as food or toys. The Bernese Mountain dog breed has a tendency to be dominant, also it is necessary to establish yourself as the pack leader from the very beginning. This can only be achieved through training sessions and by establishing strict rules and boundaries. Socializing the Bernese Mountain puppy is very important as adult dogs can become very shy around strangers or grow afraid of unusual situations.


Bernese Mountain dog food habits

The nutrition of the Bernese Mountain dog should be adapted to his level of activity. Generally, the dog breeder will recommend you a specific dry food or home-made diet.



Bernese Mountain dog health

The health of the Bernese Mountain dog has been badly affected by years of inbreeding. The life expectancy of the Bernese Mountain dog breed is about 10 years. Numerous health conditions have been reported within the breed such as: