Cairn Terrier

Cairn Terrier information

The Cairn Terrier is one of the first Terrier breeds originating from Scotland. Cairn Terriers were originally bred for their working abilities to hunt rodents. These little dogs were mainly used to chase otters, foxes and badgers. They will dig into rock piles, called 'cairns' to force their preys out of their burrows and will bark to notify their owners. The owner, once notified of the presence of a rodent, will only have to adjust his shot.

Until the end of the 19th century, the UK Kennel Club made no distinction between the Cairn Terrier, Scottish Terrier and Welsh Highland White Terrier, the Terrier breeds were referred to as Scotch Terriers.

In 1912 the Cairn Terrier was recognized as an official breed by the UK Kennel Club.


Cairn Terrier characteristics

A Cairn Terrier measures between 10 to 12 inches and weighs from 6 to 7 kilos. The coat of the Cairn Terrier can be of various colours such as wheaten, cream and grey.


Cairn Terrier grooming

The coat of the Cairn Terrier is of low maintenance. On average, it is recommended to brush and comb your dog's hair three times per week. This procedure is quite important as it will allow the owner to notice fleas or ticks rapidly and to take necessary measures as most Cairn Terriers are allergic to the bites of fleas.

It is not recommended to bath your dog too frequently, as this will incur the removal of the natural layer of oil on the dog's skin that protects the dog from extreme weather conditions.


Cairn Terrier temperament

The Cairn Terrier is a friendly dog who will make a great companion if trained properly. Even though, Cairn Terriers are good around children, the owners should keep a close eye on both parties. These inquisitive little dogs are more suitable for a life in the countryside where they will be able to explore their surroundings.

Cairn Terriers have kept a strong hunting instinct and, if not supervised they will get busy digging in their owner's garden or chasing other animals. Subsequently, when taking your dog on a walk, it is recommended to keep him on the lead as he can easily run away chasing a prey.


Cairn Terrier training

Cairn Terriers are said to be one of the easiest terriers to train. However, they will need consistent training and a good understanding of the rules and boundaries of the household. Owners of Cairn Terrier puppies should work hard in establishing themselves as the pack leader of their dogs. This will help them in developing a closer bond with their puppy. When not challenged enough, Cairn Terriers will adopt destructive behaviours such as barking and chewing furniture.


Cairn Terrier food habits

To remain healthy, your Cairn Terrier will need to be fed with a good quality aliment. Generally, this dog breed does well on dry food.


Cairn Terrier health

With a life expectancy of 14 years, the Cairn Terrier is considered a healthy dog breed. However, the breed can be subject to a few health conditions such as: