Cavalier King Charles

Cavalier King Charles Description

It is believed that Cavaliers King Charles are descendants of Toy Spaniel. In the 15th century, wives of English monarchs (and monarchs themselves) were very fond of Toy Spaniels and considered them a good distraction at court. During the reign of Charles II, the breed Toy Spaniel was renamed as King Charles Spaniel.

Nowadays, Cavaliers King Charles are recognized as good and loyal companions. They enjoy the company of their owners and are very versatile.


Cavalier King Charles characteristics

Due to his small size, the Cavalier King Charles breed is part of the toy group. Cavaliers King Charles weight between 6 to 9 kilos and measure 12 to 13 inches. The average life expectancy of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel varies from 10 to 12 years only.

The coat of the Cavalier King Charles can be:

  • tricolored: white, black and tan
  • Blenheim: white with chestnut markings
  • Ruby: uniform chestnut


Cavalier King Charles temperament

Cavaliers King Charles are very friendly and affectionate dogs. They make loyal companions and are good around children. They love playing and receiving cuddles. Cavaliers King Charles are very versatile and will adapt to their owner lifestyle. Because they are Spaniels, they have a strong hunting instinct and can run after birds. Cavalier King Charles will need to get slowly used to other little animals, especially if they are not the only pet of the household.

Cavalier King Charles are curious by nature and are usually not afraid of dogs (unless they had bad experience in the past). They can live on their own but, being a pack animal, they will also enjoy the company of another dog.


Cavalier King Charles training

Cavaliers King Charles are not very hard to train. Cavalier King Charles puppies will need do understand the hierarchy of the household. Being pack animals, it is important for them that their owner fulfill the role of pack leader. This, will make the dog happier and more balanced.

When going on walks, the hunting instinct of the Cavalier King Charles can kick in and he might lose his concentration. Therefore, it is very important to encourage your Cavalier King Charles puppy to come back when his owner call his name. Positive reinforcement techniques work quite well when rewarding a wanted behavior. Cavalier King Charles can be quite stubborn also it is important to train your dog in a closed area at first. Never let your Cavalier King Charles loose in open fields as he will smell other small animals and might run away.


Cavalier King Charles food habits

As most small breed dogs, the Cavalier King Charles does not eat much and need a complete aliment to remain healthy. Eventhough they can be very fussy with food, owners should first make sure their needs are fulfilled. Cavaliers King Charles are very active and will need many nutrients including proteins, vitamins, fats, minerals and carbohydrates. Your vet or a responsible Cavalier King Charles breeder can help you establish a healthy diet for your dog.


Cavalier King Charles Health

The eyes of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel should be inspected regularly. Cavalier King Charles need a preemptive treatment for dry eyes as many of them are affected by this genetic disease. Cavalier King Charles are known to have skin conditions causing severe lesions on the dog's body. Eyes and skin conditions can be reduced if breeders give special care to Cavalier King Charles puppies. As from today, the Cavalier King Charles breed is the only breed known to be affected by both disease at the same time. Dogs affected by both disease are usually in very poor health conditions.

Cavaliers King Charles suffer from heart murmurs when they get older. This heart failure can lead to the death of the dog.


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