Joint diseases

  • Patellar luxation: Patellar luxation is a common disease in dogs. It is often congenital and, subsequently, can be diagnosed early in a puppy's life. Patellar luxation happens when the patellar bone gets dislocated from the knee cap causing the dog to limp. Dogs affected by this disease will tend to stretch more than usual trying to put the Patella back in its place.

  • Hip Dysplasia: Hip Dysplasia can sometimes be detected on puppies of 6 months age. This an abnormal alteration of the tight bone will affect your dog when walking. This disease often leads to arthritis. Some dog breeds such as Bulldogs are more sensible to this disease due to their body shape. The symptoms of Hip Dysplasia are lameness, swelling and pain. In mild cases, the dog can be treated with drugs. More severe cases will require surgical treatment. This genetic disorder can be partly avoided by breeders who operate a conscientious selection of the dogs before breeding. Unfortunately, even if the parents are not affected by hip dysplasia, they might still carry the gene and transmit it to their puppies.

  • Chronic Degenerative Radiculomyelopathy (CDRM): this disease affects large dog breeds in elder life such as German Shepherds who's hind legs become progressively paralysed. Sadly, there is no remedy for that.

Physical disorders

  • Stenotic Nares: this condition affects mainly short-noised dogs who experience difficulties to breathe. As a result, airways noises can be heard when exercising a dog affected by this disease. Dogs seriously affected by this disease will not be able to exercise much and will collapse. Serious cases usually require surgical treatment.

  • Spinal problems: The elongated body of the some dog breeds such as the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and Basset Hound make them quite sensible to spinal injuries. As a result, it is important to avoid exercises involving too much jumping and to keep a good control over your dog's diet.

  • Soft palate: Soft palate is a common disease touching dogs with a short muzzle. It is characterized by an abnormality of the tissue in the back of the dog's throat. Dogs affected by this condition experience difficulties to breathe. A surgical treatment may be possible however the anaesthesia can be a risk for the dog.

  • Scottish Terrier cramp: after exercising, the back of the Scottish Terrier will appear bent. Some medication can help the dog in feeling better. It is recommended to avoid giving to much exercise to a dog who suffers from this condition.

  • Rupture of the Cruciate ligament: This disease is common in some dog breeds who have straight legs such as Chow Chow. This physical characteristic make the dog very sensible to a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament which connect the tibia and the femur of the animal. When a rupture of the cruciate ligement occurs, the dog experiences great pain and limps heavily. This condition requires surgical treatment.

  • Cervical spondylosis (also referred as Wobbler Syndrome): Cervical spondylosis is a degeneration of the spine of older dogs. Dogs affected by this condition will experience great pain and have difficulties to stand up.

  • Bladder stone: Bladder stone is a common condition which affects male Dalmatians of about 10 years of age. When the concentration of uric acids builds up, the uric acid crystallize forming bladder stone (also referred as kidney stones). This condition generally causes great pain to the dog when urinating. Surgical treatment can be sometimes necessary to treat this condition.

Eye disease

  • Cataract: Cataract is a degenerative disease which generally affects the older dog who will progressively become blind. This disease can also be related to the dog's nutrition and any other health condition like diabetes.

  • Glaucoma: Glaucoma needs to be treated quickly or might alter permanently the dog vision. Glaucoma happens when there is a too high pressure of liquid in one of the eye of a subject. It usually affects the retina and optic nerve.

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy: Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a common eye disease in dogs. A dog affected by this disease will not be able to see properly and might bump into furniture. As the condition evolves, the dog progressively becomes blind. There is no real treatment for that. Depending on the stage of the disease, the vet can at best slow down the progression of the Retinal atrophy with oral antioxidant nutritional support.

  • Entropion: Entropion happens when the eye lid of the dog is not in a proper position and folds inwards. This condition requires surgical treatment to prevent further inflammation.

  • Dry eye: it happens when the dog's eyes do not produce enough tears. If untreated, this condition can lead to blindness. Even though there is no real cure for this disease, owners can prevent it by wetting the dog's eyes with artificial tears.

Internal disorders

General conditions